In Australia, right wing extremists tend to position themselves in response to an imagined or constructed threat. Sympathisers believe that society is degenerating, or is at risk of degenerating. Then they externalise this to attribute blame to a target group, such as an ethnic or ideological community. They believe the only way to safeguard their society is to remove the threat — often through violence. Historians of the radical right have documented reactionary and radical groups, collectively referred to as the Old Guard, operating in Australia in the s.
These groups were concerned about the communist threat, and were driven by the Bolshevik-led Russian revolution in Although they stockpiled arms, they did not appear to proactively engage in violence. In the s, members of the Old Guard splintered into a New Guard, and decided to take violent action against communism.
They engaged in street fights with Australian communists and trade unionists, disrupted their meetings, and established an alternative employment bureau to try and deter workers from accessing unions.
There was also support for a formal fascist movement. Fascist circles arose in Melbourne in support of Benito Mussolini, and national socialist strongholds formed as early as Although established independently, they were soon directly administered by the Nazi Party through the Auslands Organisation. Another prominent voice of the extreme right was Alexander Rud Mills. Mills was a loud supporter of the Australia First Movement, which promoted the idea that Australia was — and should remain — a white country. In , members in Western Australia were found in possession of plans to assassinate prominent Australians, sabotage vulnerable areas, and drafts of speeches welcoming the Japanese in the event of an invasion.
After the war, these sentiments did not entirely disappear, but were relegated to the political fringe. Butler argued that a Zionist Occupation Government existed, and used its wealth to control the governments of the world, including Nazi Germany, in order to enslave various races. Read more: Christchurch mosque shootings must end New Zealand's innocence about right-wing terrorism.
Members of the Australian League of Rights adopted various strategies to subvert democracy. We saw echoes of this strategy by the Lads Society in , when they infiltrated the Young Nationals conference.
Right wing extremism reduced in the sixties, but it nonetheless remained in subcultural networks. There was also the albeit unsuccessful formation of the Australia Nationalist Socialist Party — a neo-Nazi party which struggled to attract or retain recruits. HSB integrates intelligence and operational functions to ensure that the District is well protected and that the government works to prevent and is prepared to respond to threats and critical incidents.
Tahir Wyatt holds undergraduate degrees in Arabic and Islamic studies with a focus on Hadith as well as graduate degrees in Islamic theology and comparative religion.
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His current research focuses on the theological premise for radicalization and processes through which it is deconstructed and extremist narratives are contextualized. Joe Bradford holds a graduate degree in Islamic law and legal theory from the Islamic University of Medina.
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His research focuses on early Islam, reformist movements in Muslim societies, hadith, Islamic law, ethics, and finance. He currently works in finance as an advisor to private clients and non- profits.
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Mujahid Muhammad , is the President of K. Empowers, a youth based Mental Health and Emotional wellness organization in Maryland. Muhammad started his clinical career as a mental health clinician with the University of Maryland Hospital. He has also spent ten years as a therapeutic crisis intervention trainer.
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His extensive experience has allowed him to become the Director for Community Relations with Masjid Al-Ihsan and an advisor and Muslim community relations liaison to the Delegate of the 41st District for the state of Maryland. Donna Auston is an anthropologist, writer, and public intellectual whose body of work focuses on race, ethnicity, gender, religion, protest and social movements, media representation, and Islam in America. She is currently completing her dissertation at Rutgers University, an ethnography of Black Muslim activism and spiritual protest in the Black Lives Matter era.
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