From Legislators to the End-User: Practical Difficulties of Implementing European Directives

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Accept cookies. Cookie settings. Guidance Product safety advice for businesses. Published 29 March Last updated 20 September — see all updates.


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From: Office for Product Safety and Standards. Contents Prepare for Brexit Overview Understanding the law on product safety Demonstrating compliance Corrective action, recalls and safety incidents Product safety liability and insurance Product safety advice and enforcement. Related content Product safety for businesses: A to Z of industry guidance Toy manufacturers, importers and distributors: your responsibilities Local regulation: Primary Authority Supporting better product recalls Product safety law: compliance advice for manufacturers and importers.

Explore the topic Product safety. Is this page useful? Maybe Yes this page is useful No this page is not useful Is there anything wrong with this page? Thank you for your feedback. What were you doing? What went wrong? Email address. As standardization plays a significant role in assuring that products meet essential consumer requirements for health, safety, and quality for example, standards are a key tool in promoting consumer protection.

See Section two for more about how standards benefit consumers. This assists consumer representatives at the national level to benefit from the experiences of consumers in other countries. Through the generous support of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, several ISO members and sponsoring organizations, seven regional training events took place in various locations around the world.

There is now relevant training expertise available in more regions and countries, which can undertake training on consumers and standards. The presentations and proceedings of all of these workshops are publicly available in a dedicated area of ISO Online. ISO also produces the following helpful materials that are available in the resource section of this module:. Consumers and Standards: Partnership for a Better World. Home Contents 1. Standards in our World 2.

How standards benefit consumers 3. Ensuring that consumers have their say in standards-writing 4. Glossary 6. Review questions 7. References 8.


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Home 1. Standards in our world 1. What are standards and how do they help? National, regional and international standards and how they relate to regulatory regimes 1. The ISO system and its partners 1. How standards are developed 1. Reaching consensus 1. Background 2. What consumers want in products and services — and how standards help 2. How standards help consumers: examples 2.

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Why consumer participation in standards improves products and services 2. Examples of how consumer representatives have improved standards Review questions 2. Consumer representatives — who they are and how they can help 3. Useful organizations to help you get started 3. How consumer representatives can influence standards development 3. Challenges to consumer representation 3. A useful exercise to help identify priorities and challenges, and develop your strategy 3.

The Employment Equality Directive – European Implementation Assessment

Key documents supporting and assisting consumer participation in ISO and IEC standards development nationally and internationally 3. Practical suggestions for being an effective consumer representative Review questions 3. Consumers' priorities in standards 4.

New European Electronic Communications Code means the application of the ePrivacy Directive to OTTs

Consumer-driven initiatives in ISO 4. Menu section 1 1. Go to Resources section. Guides are publications for technical experts to provide advice on defining requirements and guidance for cross-disciplinary subjects such as packaging, product information, or graphical symbols , when writing standards.

An example: ISO , Food safety management systems — Requirements for any organization in the food chain helps an organization or company that ships, packages or sells food and foodstuffs to have an effective system to help ensure the safety of these products. Examples of just a few of these areas are safety of toys, safety signs and, within IEC, safety and performance of household electrical appliances. Quality Ecology or environmental aspects Safety Reliability Compatibility Interoperability Efficiency 1b Are there any aspects of goods and services that cannot be addressed by a standard?

Standards avoid having to reinvent the wheel as they distil the latest knowledge and make it available to all. Standards restrict and hinder innovation and technical development. Standards can ensure vital features of goods and services are consistent features such as quality, ecology, safety, reliability, interoperability and so on.

The Privacy Act does not specify an age after which individuals can make their own privacy decisions. While it must be determined on a case-by-case basis, an entity may generally presume that an individual aged 15 or over has capacity to consent, unless there is something to suggest otherwise.

Data controllers must advise the relevant supervisory authority of a data breach within 72 hours of becoming aware of the breach unless the breach is unlikely to result in a high risk to the rights and freedoms of individuals. Data processors must notify the controller of a breach without undue delay Article In addition, when a data breach is likely to result in a high risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons, the controller must notify the individual without undue delay Article There are exceptions to this notification requirement Article 34 3.

A notifiable data breaches scheme commences in Australia on 22 February It requires APP entities to provide a statement to the Commissioner notifying of an eligible data breach as soon as practicable after the entity becomes aware of the breach. It also requires entities to notify affected individuals as soon as practicable after preparing the statement for the Commissioner. Like the GDPR, exceptions to these requirements. For more information, see Notifiable Data Breaches.

The GDPR requires data controllers to give individuals a range of prescribed information about the processing of their personal data Articles 13 and This information must be concise, transparent, intelligible and easily accessible, and use clear and plain language Article The GDPR supports combining this information with the use of standardized icons to give an easily visible, meaningful overview of processing to individuals Article In Australia, APP entities that collect personal information, must take reasonable steps to give individuals notice about certain matters set out in APP 5.

Germany: Data Protection 12222

The GDPR includes a range of new and enhanced rights for individuals. Where a controller is required to erase personal data, it must also take reasonable steps to inform controllers which are processing the same personal data, of any links to, copies of, or replication of that personal data. There are exceptions to this right, including where data processing is necessary to exercise the right of freedom of expression and information.

This right only applies to certain types of processing, such as where the legal basis for processing is legitimate business interests, or for direct marketing including profiling. There are some exceptions that permit organisations to continue processing despite an objection—but these do not apply to processing for direct marketing Article A right to restriction of processing—in certain circumstances an individual has the right to obtain a restriction on processing of their personal data from the controller.

For example, if an individual contests the accuracy of their personal data, there may be a temporary restriction on processing to enable the controller to verify the accuracy of the personal data Article However, individuals do have a right to request access to, and correction of, their personal information under APPs 12 and In giving access under APP 12, where reasonable and practicable, an entity must give access in the manner requested by the individual. For more information, see Chapters 12 and 13 of the APP guidelines.

The Privacy Act does not include a right to the restriction of processing. However, there are requirements on APP entities to take reasonable steps to ensure the quality of personal information under APP 10 and to correct incorrect personal information under APP While the GDPR requirements applying to data controllers are more extensive, some new requirements apply directly to processors. A key requirement is that a controller must only use processors that provide sufficient guarantees, that they will implement appropriate technical and organisational measures that ensure compliance with the GDPR and protect the rights of the data subject Article 28 1.

The relationship between controller and processor generally needs to be set out in a contract, which includes certain prescribed terms. Australian data processing businesses should be aware of the extent to which the GDPR prescribes specific clauses that must be included in such contracts, including that:. The processor must also implement appropriate technical and organisational measures to ensure a level of security appropriate to the risk this requirement also applies to controllers Article This means that one entity can physically possess personal information that another entity controls.

EU MDR Poses Significant Changes for Importers and Distributors - NAMSA

If covered by the Privacy Act, each will have responsibilities in relation to handling that information under the Privacy Act. Under the GDPR, personal data may be transferred outside the EU to countries or international organisations that provide an adequate level of data protection. The GDPR sets out in detail the factors the EU Commission is to consider when deciding whether a third country or international organisation ensures an adequate level of protection Article Such appropriate safeguards include:.

In the absence of an adequacy decision or appropriate safeguards such as those outlined above, overseas transfers are also permitted in very specific situations.


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