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Maintaining research traditions on place: diversity of thought and scientific progress | Treesearch
Synopsis When considering societal expectations and traditions in research, assumptions are often an integral aspect — particularly in the disciplines pertaining to organization studies. Full Text Download. Chapter 4: Whither Historical Research in Accounting? Chapter 5: Agency vs. Second, we contribute to the budding field of cultural evolution by putting its hypotheses to the test: our work on the evolution of cardinal lines within letters addressed the question whether cognitively appealing cultural forms need a protracted evolutionary process to arise.
This research is part of a broader attempt to integrate the methods of cultural history with those of experimental psychology.
Centre for Life History and Life Writing Research
Our ongoing work on the evolution of the Vai syllabary of Liberia exemplifies this. Lead by Piers Kelly, an expert on contemporary invented scripts who has documented first hand the complex Eskaya writing system and its associated invented language Kelly , our Vai project started with the construction of a dataset documenting the shape of Vai letters in the various historical stages that the syllabary went through.
The team then applied a variety of compression algorithms, verifying our prediction that Vai letters became simpler in the course of their years evolution. A project lead by Helena Miton asks the same question on a larger scale. It compares the visual complexity of letters in more than systems, using an expanded version of the database used in Morin , which allows us to consider phylogenetic relationships between writing systems, and to test for evolutionary trends.
Humans are exceptionally good at inventing and learning communicative codes, especially spoken languages. But graphic codes emerged rarely in human evolution, in contrast to the universality of language. Synchronous or face-to-face communication is grounded in interactional mechanisms such as turn-taking or repair, as well as pragmatic factors like common ground.
In contrast, messengers and senders engaged in asynchronous communication have little common ground to share, and no opportunities to repair misunderstandings. Participants can only interact with one another via black and white symbols. Their goal is to use these symbols to convey and distinguish between subtle shades of colours.
One innovative aspect of our task is that participants do not receive direct feedback from the system about their performance. They can only use each other as guides, and can only guide each other by developing a graphic code from scratch. Studying the evolution of these dialects, we have assessed the impact of synchrony and asynchrony on the development of these codes. Our empirical results one published study , two submitted , showcasing the crucial role played by shared contextual information in the rise of rich, informative codes, will be deepened using the data generated by the Color Game project.
Laboratory experiments are limited in their demographic range typically, a few Western undergraduates and in the scale over which they unfold two persons for a few hours. In contrast, players choose to use gaming apps for their own enjoyment, on their own schedule, as often as they want.
But unlike our Jena participants, the players could be from anywhere on the planet the app is translated into seven languages and is to be made available worldwide. They could play as often as they want with whomever they want. In the 11 months between its launch and its termination, the Color Game App was downloaded by more than persons, from more than countries. The app saw the birth of a limited but genuine graphic language transcending linguistic and cultural boundaries, shared by hundreds of otherwise unrelated people. The scale of the dataset thus obtained allows us currently to test hypotheses that lab data cannot get at, because of low statistical power, or because laboratory settings cannot approximate the true scale of code evolution.
An online survey, independent of the App, shows that the symbols evoke some colours rather than others to untrained minds; but these prior associations are weaker than the ones fostered by regular communication through the app. Even inside the app, the same symbol can stand for strikingly different colours, depending on the convention that a given player has learnt to follow.
The Color Game data also gives us the opportunity to test the computational models of language evolution being developed at the DLCE.
Understanding the evolution of writing requires us to explore other graphic codes that cannot be classified as writing: mnemonic codes, flags and other heraldic emblems, symbols found on coins, etc. These codes, classically known as semasiographies, do not encode components of spoken languages. Add to Basket. Book Description Routledge, Condition: New.
Traditions of Writing Research
More information about this seller Contact this seller. Book Description Routledge. Satisfaction guaranteed! Seller Inventory SKU Language: English. Brand new Book. Traditions of Writing Research reflects the different styles of work offered at the Writing Research Across Borders conference.
Organized by Charles Bazerman, one of the pre-eminent scholars in writing studies, the conference facilitated an unprecedented gathering of writing researchers. Representing the best of the works presented, this collection focuses solely on writing research, in its lifespan scope bringing together writing researchers interested in early childhood through adult writing practices.
It brings together differing research traditions, and offers a broad international scope, with contributor-presenters including top international researchers in the field The volume's opening section presents writing research agendas from different regions and research groups. The next section addresses the national, political, and historical contexts that shape educational institutions and the writing initiatives developed there.
The following sections represent a wide range of research approaches for investigating writing processes and practices in primary, secondary, and higher education. The volume ends with theoretical and methodological reflections.