The Divided City Initiative focuses on how segregation in this broad sense has and often continues to play out as a set of spatial practices in cities, neighborhoods, and public spaces, including schools, health facilities, and entertainment venues. Using the St. Louis metropolitan area as one of our research sites, we intend to explore the intersecting social and spatial practices of urban separation locally and globally. Louis metropolitan area as a base, we wanted to deploy a variety of research methods and engage a range of community partners in order to explore the often hidden intersecting social and spatial practices of separation in North American and other global urban environments.
Our primary goal was to bring humanities scholars into productive interdisciplinary dialogue with architects, urban designers, landscape architects, legal scholars, sociologists, and others around one of the most persistent and vexing issues in urban studies — segregation.
Books by Heather Atkinson (Author of Dividing Line)
We received word in June that The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation had funded our Divided City project. Louis suburb just a few miles north of our campus. This article is about the treaty dividing the unclaimed World between Portugal and Spain. For the treaty placing Monaco under control of Spain, see Treaty of Tordesillas This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Treaty of Zaragoza. Main article: Treaty of Madrid 13 January Retrieved 21 September Frances Gardiner Davenport , ed.
Annals of the Association of American Geographers. American Journal of Philology. Inter Caetera — via Wikisource. Dudum siquidem in Latin — via Wikisource.
London: Cardinal. The Epic of Latin America Fourth ed. University of California Press. Archived from the original on Retrieved After the Iberian Union — and the effective Dutch conquest of the Moluccas —, pp. John O. Clark, Maps New York: Sterling, p. April Skyscrapers hide the heavens: a history of Indian-white relations in Canada. Esfera dos Livros, p. Spanish Empire.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. My process involves putting scotch tape down over a text or an image in a book and boiling the paper away so that the glue from the tape soaks up the ink and can then be contact printed onto highcontrast stock, which creates a negative; then I edit that negative in A, B, C, D rolls and sometimes optically print some of the material to slow it down and change the rhythm. Translation, in the most conventional sense and in other senses too, had become a central interest.
I was also interested in the general politics of translation: the issue of access to the Bible, and how the control of the information in the Bible evolved. MacDonald : To what extent does your going back to that Gutenberg moment relate to the current transformation from mechanical technologies to all the new digital technologies? Gatten : I see it as a direct relationship. I was trying to address that very issue. After the Gutenberg printing press, and the Gutenberg Bible, the text was fixed, but meaning was unfixed.
The dissemination of texts gave way to the proliferation of interpretations. Books were still very expensive, but far less so than when they were reproduced by hand, so more people had the opportunity to interpret the Bible and other writings as well. In the late s, similar things were happening; everyone was very excited about digital technology and the ways in which it was unfixing traditional text and texts.
That story gave the Byrd saga an entirely new dimension. Some of what has come down to us about Evelyn is the stuff of legend. The Peterboroughs were Catholic; the Byrds were Protestant. It turns out that she carried on a secret nine-year transatlantic correspondence with Mordant, who eventually travels to the colonies under an assumed name and infiltrates Virginia society.
The ship sails with Mordant tied up on the ship; Evelyn is prevented from going aboard. And during that voyage the ship goes down; everyone aboard is lost. And the following spring, in , the first of seventeen recorded sightings of her ghost is reported. I was realizing that I might need to make a love story film and ghost story film. I started to think about other aspects of the Byrd history that needed to be addressed if I were going to create some real sense of its many dimensions.
I continued and continue to find the Byrd library fascinating. In a scholarly edition of the catalogue, meticulously annotated and researched by Kevin Hayes, appeared. In the summer of I took a trip to try and find the fifty-seven locations that Byrd lists in the appendix of his History, and sure enough, many of them were still there with the same names.
The border has shifted—Virginia has steadily gotten smaller; there were later border-drawing expeditions that enlarged North Carolina—so most of the dividing line is now in North Carolina, but I could find these places, and Ariana Hamidi and I spent three weeks camping along the dividing line and shot a lot of film. MacDonald : One of the central dialectics in that film is straight lines of either logic or geography versus the curvilinear reality of life.
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As we read the list of places where the surveying group stops, we cross many winding rivers, including the Dan. There are clearly English names imposed on the landscape at the beginning, then there are Indian names, and then at the end we go back to a preponderance of English names. Gatten : The surveyors went about miles from Currituck Inlet across North Carolina, about two-thirds of the way across the state as it now exists. In the European-settled areas on the coast the Native American names had been replaced by European names, then there was an unpopulated area or certainly a much less densely populated area in and around the Dismal Swamp where the group had Native American guides, so the names they were being told were the ones used by Native Americans.
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Then when they got further inland, into the piedmont area, the party just started naming things themselves. Certain places are named for members of the expedition; the Mayo River, for instance, is named after William Mayo. I do love the idea that the surveyors are trying to go straight across something that is not straight and that that is then inscribed in Appendix list—another kind of line.
Gatten : Gloria!
Teenage rebellions: families divided by religion in the Reformation
MacDonald : What Gloria! Within the structure of the larger Secret Life project, at least as you envision it now, The Enjoyment of Reading Lost and Found is the fourth film, but it was the second one you finished. When we showed it at Hamilton College, it struck me that the opening texts were particularly hard to read.
Did you mean for those texts to be right at the edge of readability? Part of the difficulty in this instance is a function of the font that I chose: it made certain parts of the letters very thin, and in some prints of the film and in certain projection situations, maybe too thin. I think if I had it to do over, I would make those texts somewhat more legible.
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Were you actually filming off a microfilm reader or….