Rochechouart Rochechouart is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department; the name of the town comes from Latin roca cavardi, which translates as the rock of Cavardus, the lord who had the fortified place built at the beginning of the 11th century. Aymeric I , who lived around , established the Rochechouartais dynasty.
At the end of the 13th century, Aimeric XI renounced a large part of his privileges and promulgated a charter of enfranchisement which transformed Rochechouart into a democratic city, turned its inhabitants from slaves to the state into citizens; the city was from on governed by four consuls who chose their own successors, without their lord's intervention. He accorded the inhabitants of Rochechouart the essential conditions for total liberty — they could dispose of their goods, buy or sell and export whatever they wanted, move about within the viscountcy, all without intervention from their lord; this Charter was advanced for its times, despite pressure from the other lords in the region, it remained in force until Before the French Revolution , Rochechouart administratively depended on the Province of Poitou , the viscounts of Rochechouart being vassals of the Count of Poitiers , religiously, it was under the control of the diocese of Limoges.
It is about 9 km south of Saint-Junien , the second largest town in the department of Haute-Vienne, 45 km west of Limoges , the largest town and capital of the department. Sens is the second city of the department, the sixth in the region, it is crossed by the Vanne , which empties into the Yonne here. The city is said to have been one of the oppida of the Senones , one of the oldest Celtic tribes living in Gaul , it is mentioned as Agedincum by Julius Caesar several times in his Commentarii de Bello Gallico.
The Roman city was surrounded by walls during the third, it still retains today the skeleton of its Roman street plan. The site was referred to by Ammianus Marcellinus as Senones, where the future emperor Julian faced an Alamannic siege for a few months, but it did not become an administrative center until after the reorganization of the Roman Empire in , when it was the chief town of Lugdunensis Quarta. Starting from , the cathedral of Sens , dedicated to Saint Stephen , was rebuilt as one of the first Gothic cathedrals.
Sens witnessed the trial of Peter Abelard. Pope Alexander III sojourned for some time in the city, there Thomas Becket spent part of his exile between and ; the Archdiocese of Sens hosted a number of church councils and the first Archbishop of Upsalla was consecrated there. William of Sens was the principal architect of Canterbury Cathedral. Sens experienced troublesome times during the Wars of Religion ; the city declined after Paris was elevated to archdiocese in Since Sens remains an archbishopric but with no metropolitical function.
Despite the creation of new regions, Sens remains subject to the Paris cour d'appel; the Cathedral, one of the first Gothic edifices in France Archbishops' Palace Church of St. He lived in Sens, in the thirteenth century. Samo , Frankish merchant and king of the 7th century Slavic state known as Samo's Empire.
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Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury. In , he took refuge in Sens. Samson ben Abraham, 12th century rabbi and notable Tosafist. Victor Scipion Charles Auguste de La Garde de Chambonas , mayor of Sens, brigadier general, French foreign minister, at the beginning of the French Revolution , it is the presumed birthplace of the 12th-century architect William of Sens. Maurice Prou , historian.
Saturnin Fabre , French film actor. Chris Malonga , footballer. Bacary Sagna , footballer. Huguenots Huguenots are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants. The term has its origin in early 16th century France , it was used in reference to those of the Reformed Church of France from the time of the Protestant Reformation. Huguenots were French Protestants. As Huguenots gained influence and more displayed their faith, Catholic hostility grew. A series of religious conflicts followed, known as the French Wars of Religion , fought intermittently from to The wars ended with the Edict of Nantes , which granted the Huguenots substantial religious and military autonomy.
Huguenot rebellions in the s resulted in the abolition of their political and military privileges, they retained the religious provisions of the Edict of Nantes until the rule of Louis XIV, who increased persecution of Protestantism until he issued the Edict of Fontainebleau. This ended legal recognition of Protestantism in France and the Huguenots were forced either to convert to Catholicism or flee as refugees. Louis XIV claimed that the French Huguenot population was reduced from about ,, adherents to just 1,,, he exaggerated the decline, but the dragonnades were devastating for the French Protestant community.
The remaining Huguenots faced continued persecution under Louis XV. By the time of his death in , Calvinism had been nearly eliminated from France. Two years with the Revolutionary Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of , Protestants gained equal rights as citizens. A few families went to Catholic Quebec. After centuries, most Huguenots have assimilated into the various societies and cultures where they settled. A term used in derision, Huguenot has unclear origins.
It used a derogatory pun on the name Hugues by way of the Dutch word Huisgenoten, referring to the connotations of a somewhat related word in German Eidgenosse. Geneva was the centre of the Calvinist movement. In Geneva, though Catholic, was a leader of the "Confederate Party", so called because it favoured independence from the Duke of Savoy , it sought an alliance between the city-state of the Swiss Confederation.
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The label Huguenot was purportedly first applied in France to those conspirators who were involved in the Amboise plot of a foiled attempt to wrest power in France from the influential and zealously Catholic House of Guise ; this action would have fostered relations with the Swiss. Roche promoted this idea among historians, he wrote in his book, The Days of the Upright, A History of the Huguenots, that "Huguenot" is: "a combination of a Dutch and a German word. In the Dutch-speaking North of France, Bible students who gathered in each other's houses to study secretly were called Huis Genooten while on the Swiss and German borders they were termed Eid Genossen, or'oath fellows,' that is, persons bound to each other by an oath.
Gallicised into'Huguenot' used deprecatingly, the word became, during two and a half centuries of terror and triumph, a badge of enduring honour and courage. Janet Gray argues that for the word to have spread into common use in France, it must have originated there in French; the "Hugues hypothesis" argues that the name was derived by association with Hugues Capet , king of France, who reigned long before the Reformation. He was regarded by the Gallicians as a noble man who lives. Janet Gray and other supporters of the hypothesis suggest that the name huguenote would be equivalent to little Hugos, or those who want Hugo.
The Concordat of added to the see besides the ancient Diocese of Poitiers a part of the Diocese of La Rochelle and Saintes ; the diocese was erected according to an unsteady tradition in the third century, as a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Bordeaux.
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The current archbishop is Pascal Wintzer , appointed in Since there have been three priestly ordinations in the diocese, four ordinations of Permanent Deacons. Louis Duchesne holds that its earliest episcopal catalogue represents the ecclesiastical tradition of Poitiers in the twelfth century; the catalogue reckons twelve predecessors of Hilary of Poitiers , among them Nectarius and Agon , among his successors Sts.
Quintianus and Maxentius. Duchesne does not doubt the existence of the cults of these saints, but he questions whether they were bishops of Poitiers. In his opinion, Hilary is the first bishop of. In this he concurs with the Benedictine editors of Gallia Christiana. Among his successors were Arnauld d'Aux, made cardinal in Emmeram was a native of Poitiers, but according to the Bollandists and Duchesne the documents which make him Bishop of Poitiers are not trustworthy.
On the other hand, Bernard Sepp, while admitting that there is no evidence, nonetheless points out that there is space after the death of Dido and the accession of Ansoaldus for Emmeramus, that is, between and After the conclusion of the council, he was attacked in a papal consistory by Bernard of Clairvaux , always searching for heretics and other deviants from his strict view of orthodoxy, for various heterodox theological opinions.
Gilbert demanded that he be judged on the basis of what he had written, not on what people believed that he had said, he was able to argue each charge against Bernard. Pope Eugene ruled in Gilbert's favor, with the full agreement of the cardinals in attendance, sent the bishop back to his diocese with his powers undiminished and in full honor.
Charles VII of France erected a university at Poitiers, his temporary capital, since he had been driven from Paris , in ; the new foundation stood in opposition to Paris, where the city was in the hands of the English and the majority of the faculty had accepted Henry VI of England. There were ten colleges attached to the university. Marthe in Garasse was well known for his violent polemics, he died of the plague at Poitiers in Among other students at Poitiers were Achille de Ha.
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This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Avignon. Related Images. YouTube Videos. Rochechouart is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department. Haute-Vienne is a French department named after the river Vienne.
It is one of the 12 departments that together constitute the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. Prefecture building of the Haute-Vienne department, in Limoges. It is the capital of the Loiret department and of the Centre-Val de Loire region. Pont George-V. The University of Paris, metonymically known as the Sorbonne, was a university in Paris, France, active —, and — Meeting of doctors at the University of Paris.
From a 16th-century miniature. Rue Saint-Jacques and the Sorbonne in Paris. John, Duke of Berry was the owner of the Fonthill vase , made in Jingdezhen, China , the earliest piece of Chinese porcelain documented to reach Europe, in Charles VI by the painter known as the Master of Boucicaut The Bal des Ardents , miniature of — The Council of Constance is the 15th-century ecumenical council recognized by the Catholic Church, held from to in the Bishopric of Constance. The council ended the Western Schism by deposing or accepting the resignation of the remaining papal claimants and by electing Pope Martin V.
Bishops debating with the pope at the Council of Constance. Imperia , a erected statue commemorating the council. Huguenots are an ethnoreligious group of French Protestants. It was frequently used in reference to those of the Reformed Church of France from the time of the Protestant Reformation. Millais ' painting, Huguenot Lovers on St.
The St. Bartholomew's Day massacre of French Protestants It was the climax of the French Wars of Religion , which were brought to an end by the Edict of Nantes In , persecution was renewed and continued until the French Revolution in Avignon Cathedral. Howard Kaminsky - - Speculum 49 3 Simon de Cramaud and the Great Schism. Francis Oakley - - Speculum 60 3 Somnium Viridarii. Chaucer in Context.
Revolution und Ideologie: Der Hussitismus. Robert Kalivoda. Howard Kaminsky - - Speculum 53 2 The Origins of the English Gentry.
Le songe du vergier. Howard Kaminsky - - Speculum 59 4 Howard Kaminsky - - Speculum 57 4 The Slavs in European History and Civilization.
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Francis Dvornik. Howard Kaminsky - - Speculum 39 1 Dieter Girgensohn. Howard Kaminsky - - Speculum 41 1 Hussitica: Zur Struktur einer Revolution. Ferdinand Seibt. Howard Kaminsky - - Speculum 42 4 Howard Kaminsky - - Speculum 61 3 Added to PP index Total views 13 , of 2,, Recent downloads 6 months 9 , of 2,, How can I increase my downloads?
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